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(As Prepared for Delivery) Today we are considering the nomination of Charles Millard to be Director of thePension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. Let me start by thanking Senator Mikulski for agreeingto help Chair this important hearing. She had a vital role in the passage of the PensionProtection Act last year, and has shown impressive leadership as Chair of our Retirement andAging Subcommittee. I’d also like to thank Senator Enzi for his continuing leadership and partnership on theseissues, and to recognize Senator Burr as the new Ranking Member of the Subcommittee.The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation has a main role in our retirement safety net. 44million American workers and their families rely on it to insure their hard-earned pensions.This agency was established so that never again would employees who gave a lifetime ofservice to a company be left with nothing when their company pension plan failed. Theagency’s director is not only the chief steward of Americans’ retirement, but also the leadingadvocate for defined benefit pensions. This is a time of great change in our retirement system. Only 50 percent of American workershave any type of retirement plan through their job. In the last twenty-five years, the percentof workers with a secure, defined benefit pension has been cut in half, so that today only onein five workers is earning a traditional pension. As we know from the many pension failures inrecent years, even these workers aren’t secure.In this climate of uncertainty, the PBGC is more important than ever. When pensions fail,workers and retirees are left unsure about their future. The agency is responsible for ensuringthat retirees and workers know what has happened to their pensions and receive theirpayments in a timely manner. I look forward to hearing from Mr. Millard about how he intendsto work to increase the agency’s advocacy on workers’ behalf. The Pension Protection Act enacted last year created new rules to improve pension funding,thus lowering the risk to workers and the agency. It will be some years before the full effectof this legislation is known; in the meantime, the agency continues to face serious financialchallenges. It has a projected deficit of $18.9 billion—a decrease from recent years, yet a stark differencefrom 2001 when it had a surplus. Retirees’ benefits are in no immediate danger, but there isobviously cause for concern. It’s vital that the agency make its investments, in ways that are consistent with providing themaximum benefit to retirees. In recent years, the agency has changed its policies, shiftingmore toward investments in bonds. I understand that Mr. Millard is in the process ofreviewing these decisions. I believe he should conduct his review with an eye toward bestprotecting the retirees under the agency’s care. Finally, the best strategy to protect workers’ pensions is to act early to prevent pensionfailures. That’s why I have long supported enabling the agency to negotiate with strugglingcompanies— before their pensions fail — to keep pensions afloat. A provision establishingsuch an alternative funding arrangement program was included in the Pension Protection Actpassed by the Senate, but unfortunately it was dropped in conference. I strongly believe that it is in the best interests of workers, retirees, and the PBGC to explorethis and every other available means to protect and preserve workers’ pensions and preventfuture losses. As Interim Director, Mr. Millard has no doubt already become aware of the challenges faced bythe agency. As director he has the demanding job of safeguarding Americans’ security in theirretirement. It takes someone with knowledge, experience, and determination to lead theagency at this critical time, and I look forward to hearing Mr. Millard’s views on all of theseissues. ###