11 Senate Democrats urge Department to explain how new apprenticeship program is within the bounds of the law
Last week, Department of Labor cancelled an announcement of new apprenticeship funds; reports suggest turmoil surrounding Trump Administration apprenticeship initiative
Washington, D.C. – U.S. Senator Patty Murray (D-WA), ranking member of the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee, and 10 Senate Democrats sent a letter to Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta asking for information on the Trump Administration’s proposed rulemaking to create new “industry-recognized apprenticeship programs” that run parallel to the current registered apprenticeships, but with lower quality standards and bypassing the approval of the Department of Labor. The creation of “industry-recognized apprenticeship programs” stems from a 2017 Executive Order signed by President Trump, though Senate Democrats question whether the new, unauthorized program is within the bounds of the National Apprenticeship Act or the Secretary of Labor’s authority within that Act. Since 2016, Congress has appropriated funds to be used exclusively for registered apprenticeships, however the Senators also raise questions to whether these funds are being used by the Department as intended. Last week, the Department of Labor cancelled an announcement of new funds for the Administration’s apprenticeship initiative and reports inside the Department of Labor suggest the initiative is “failing.”
“Congress delegated to the Secretary alone the authority to formulate and promote labor standards to safeguard the welfare of apprentices. It is not clear how the Department’s proposal to outsource this function to private, nongovernmental entities is consistent with Congress’ intent or with the Secretary’s statutory authority,” the Senators wrote.
In addition to Senator Murray, the letter was signed by Senators Baldwin (D-WI), Smith (D-MN), Warren (D-MA), Van Hollen (D-MD), Kaine (D-VA), Hassan (D-NH), Sanders (I-VT), Rosen (D-NV), Reed (D-RI), and Gillibrand (D-NY).
The full text of the letter is below and the PDF can be found HERE.
February 21, 2019
The Honorable Alexander Acosta
U.S. Department of Labor
200 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20210
Dear Secretary Acosta:
We write to request additional information about the U.S. Department of Labor’s (Department) plans for proposed rulemaking, subregulatory guidance, and information collection requests regarding “Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs” (IRAPs) and the development of IRAP “accreditors.”
On July 27, 2018, the Employment and Training Administration issued a Training and Employment Notice (TEN), entitled “Creating Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs to Expand Opportunity in America.” This TEN described the Department’s intention to employ third parties to certify IRAPs, which the Department re-affirmed in the September 20, 2018 information collection request (ICR), entitled “Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs Accrediting Entity Information” and the December 27, 2018 ICR entitled “Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs Accrediting Entity Information.” Comments submitted in response to the September 2018 ICR raised questions about why the Department is creating a system that includes the potential for conflicts of interest among entities serving as accreditors of IRAPs.
In the TEN and each of the ICRs, the National Apprenticeship Act is cited as the Department’s legal justification for taking the actions around the formation of IRAPs and the creation of IRAP accreditors, however, the National Apprenticeship Act provides:
“The Secretary of Labor is authorized and directed to formulate and promote the furtherance of labor standards necessary to safeguard the welfare of apprentices, to extend the application of such standards by encouraging the inclusion thereof in contracts of apprenticeship, to bring together employers and labor for the formulation of programs of apprenticeship, to cooperate with State agencies engaged in the formulation and promotion of standards of apprenticeship, and to cooperate with the Secretary of Education.”
As evidenced by the plain text of the National Apprenticeship Act, Congress delegated to the Secretary alone the authority to formulate and promote labor standards to safeguard the welfare of apprentices. It is not clear how the Department’s proposal to outsource this function to private, nongovernmental entities is consistent with Congress’ intent or with the Secretary’s statutory authority. The National Apprenticeship Act does empower the Department to “bring together employers and labor for the formulation of programs of apprenticeships.” However, that is not what the Department proposes. Rather, it proposes to delegate to private, nongovernmental actors the authority “to establish standards, establish certification intervals determined by those industries, evaluate and certify programs focused on outcomes and process, report results, and maintain records.”
In order to understand the Department’s justification and authority for its current course of action, we request the following information and documents:
1) A detailed explanation and any written documentation of the Department’s rationale for how the delegation of the formation and promotion of labor standards to third-parties is consistent with the authority granted to the Department under the National Apprenticeship Act;
2) A detailed explanation and any written documentation of any formal or informal consultation between the Department and other federal agencies, including the U.S. Department of Education, about the development and publication of the IRAP accreditation proposal. In your response to this request, please be sure to address the following:
3) Copies of any contracts, or modifications to existing contracts, between the Department and any outside entities regarding the development of IRAPs, including contracts for any exploratory or marketing purposes;
4) Copies of any marketing materials that have been developed for the IRAPs;
5) A detailed description of any past or upcoming meetings or working groups between the Department and outside entities about the development of IRAPs since the conclusion of the Apprenticeship Task Force. Please include the dates of the meetings and a list of all participants. Please include details on whether these meetings or working groups were established and convened according to the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA).
6) Any intra-agency communication about the development of IRAPs and any proposed regulatory changes to 29 CFR Part 29 and 29 CFR Part 30 (Equal Employment Opportunity in Apprenticeship);
7) A detailed explanation and any written documentation for the Department’s decision to request comments on Accrediting Entity Information and the Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs Accrediting Entity Information prior to issuing proposed regulations amending 29 CFR Part 29;
8) A detailed explanation and any written documentation of how the comments in response to the September 20, 2018 ICR and the December 27, 2018 ICR will be incorporated into any proposed changes to 29 CFR Part 29 or 29 CFR Part 30;
9) A detailed explanation and any written documentation of any planned actions regarding IRAP implementation, including a timeline for such actions;
10) A detailed explanation for the Secretary’s determination that “the immediate establishment of industry-recognized apprenticeship programs is a matter of vital national interest,” including any related data on the expected outcomes for employers and IRAP participants in comparison to outcomes for registered apprenticeship programs;
11) A detailed explanation and any written documentation for the Department’s decision to not establish IRAPs as a pilot project as recommended by the Apprenticeship Task Force;
12) The Department’s definitions for the following terms used throughout the TEN and ICR: “accreditor,” “certification,” “conflict of interest,” “impartiality,” “national portability,” “high-quality classroom or related instruction,” “industry-recognized credential,” and “related bodies,” as well as the source of the Department’s definitions; and
13) A detailed explanation of the Department’s plans for funding IRAPs, including information on whether funds appropriated for Registered Apprenticeships are being used or will be used in any manner or form to support the development, operation or implementation of IRAPs.
Please provide the requested information and documents by March 6, 2019. In addition we request a briefing from the Department on these matters as soon as possible, but no later than March 27, 2019.
Thank you for your attention to this request.
 Training and Employment Notice 3-18, Creating Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs to Expand Opportunity in America, Employment and Training Administration (July 27, 2018), https://wdr.doleta.gov/directives/attach/TEN/TEN_3-18.pdf
 Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs Accrediting Entity Information. OMB Control No. 1205-0NEW. (December 2018).
 29 U.S.C. § 50. (emphasis added)
 Ibid (emphasis added).
 Training and Employment Notice 3-18, Creating Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Programs to Expand Opportunity in America, Employment and Training Administration (July 27, 2018), https://wdr.doleta.gov/directives/attach/TEN/TEN_3-18.pdf (emphasis added)
 See proposed revisions in 34 CFR 602.12. https://www2.ed.gov/policy/highered/reg/hearulemaking/2018/index.html
 “Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Data Collections from Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship Program Accreditors,” 83 FR 47643 (September 20, 2018).